The World Wide Web is a constantly progressing system. By 2022, humanity had already witnessed three generations of the Internet. Every one of those generations included its main principles and online tools. But still, the gap between every stage of internet development is vast. It is due to the rapid growth of web technologies, which will soon transfer the entire network into a web 3.0 digital environment.
In this article, we will talk about the difference between web 2.0 and web 3.0. But before, we will break down their main features to understand what web 3.0 offers to us.
A predecessor of the modern Internet – Web 1.0
Let’s go back to where it all began – web 1.0. The best way to describe this generation of the web – is a read-only web.
This statement means that casual internet users were not allowed to create web content. Instead, the Internet was filled with static web pages, which internet giants like Google controlled. So basically, the Internet of web 1.0 was a significant source of information, in form of static pages, and a user was its absorber. It was the first step to making the world’s information accessible to everyone.
Web 1.0 started with the development of web browser technologies. Even though there is no distinct measurement of where the generation starts and where it end, we can still put approximate frames. Web 1.0 emerged in the ’90s and been lasting till 2005.
The second generation of the Internet – Web 2.0
Web 2.0 is an IT environment that we spend hours of our time in, which is the most familiar to us.
It is an era of user-generated content, with millions of web pages run by casual users, business owners, and technology giants. With web 2.0, the world got acquainted with the social web term. Every user has a social web page for blogging, podcasting, or social bookmarking. Thus it is proof that everyone creates their content on the net. Web 2.0 brought commercialization of the Internet to the table, and now every user can get a profit from content creation, web applications, and even computer games. Many factors encouraged users to participate in content creation. At this point, users are not absorbers anymore – they are creators.
The web 2.0 internet era started right after users got allowed to create content massively. Approximately from 2005, and it lasts till now.
Web 3.0 – the future of the internet services
Web 3.0 (known as the semantic web) is an era when big authorities lose their power, and the Internet becomes a decentralized web.
User experience evolves, and in web 3.0 time, all the power will be transferred among net participants; it’s called decentralization. Another intent of web 3.0 is to get rid of mediators. All the operations and transactions are conducted with the help of programs. Blockchain technology grants web 3.0 participants a unique security system with few flaws. It also opens new ways for web 3.0 site users to earn funds in the form of cryptocurrencies, so-called Web3 coins. Artificial intelligence becomes a real thing at this point that takes an important place in the digital environment of web 3.0. With the help of natural language processing, machine learning will be used to understand and manipulate information similarly to humans.
Web 3.0 is gaining momentum and weaves into our everyday lives. But, at the moment, we live on the edge between web 2.0 and web 3.0.
Features of Web 3.0
Semantic web. Semantic web concepts intend to create a fully machine-processable digital space. It is a way to extend the Internet, involving semantic metadata, which will help to connect content. Furthermore, the semantic web necessitates tools to make domain-specific ontologies which will be used by artificial intelligence to give them “human understanding” properties.
Decentralized protocols. They are the main feature and what makes a web 3.0 such a revolutionary project. It takes power from authorities and shifts it to every user of the web. Thus, for example, a program code can’t be changed by one person. It is a collective decision that needs to be chosen by most users. Furthermore, decentralization makes web 3.0 a safe and trusted digital environment, as no one can hack the code simply as in web 2.0.
Blockchain technology. It is a key to fast and efficient transactions that will facilitate perfect conditions for businesses. What it basically does, is place every transaction in a block, and when multiple transactions are made, they become a chain. In addition, they are highly encrypted and tough to hack.
Smart contract. It is a copy of a real-life agreement that is made to exclude any middlemen in the web 3.0 transactions. It guarantees fast and safe currency transactions. They are entirely automated and take no effort to complete.
Main differences between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0
Knowing the main features of web 2.0 and web 3.0, we can start their direct comparison to find out why so many people are hyped about web 3.0.
While web 2.0 has a centralization as its main principle, web 3.0 does a completely opposite step. As a result, every user will have the same level of web access in web 3.0.
While web 2.0 users interact with a participative social web system, web 3.0 brings a semantic web. It focuses on connecting assets to surface meaningful content and brings only relevant results.
Web 2.0 uses hypertext transfer protocol to create unique web addresses stored on particular servers. In contrast, Web 3.0 uses different server file systems to store info in other places.
Web 2.0 runs a Fiat currency as the main one, while the third generation of the net introduced crypto as its main currency.
While web 2.0 offers dynamic content in the form of social media, web 3.0 develops an augmented reality that features Metaverse worlds. It is a digital space where you can chat, visit markets, and even play integrated games.
Web 3.0 also introduces new kinds of applications. Unlike default web applications from web 2.0, web 3.0 features smart applications. Those are called Dapps, and they extend a smart machine conception, giving apps adaptive properties.
Is there anything similar between Web 2.0 and Web 3.0?
Even though they might seem like a completely different world, they have lots in common. They both are made to provide better internet services by making information more easily available.
Every device that could work with Web 2.0 will be compatible with Web 3.0 software. HTLM and CSS technologies will still be relevant and worth learning, as they will remain as web development tools.
Frequently asked questions
What is a blockchain?
Blockchain is a system of blocks that contain information about transactions. This technology is widely used in Web 3.0.
When will Web 3.0 come?
Technically, Web 3.0 is already begun and getting implemented in our lives, as new technologies are already conquering the worldwide net.
What is the main benefit of Web 3.0 above Web 2.0?
Web 3.0 facilitates a highly secure and convenient digital environment due to decentralized technologies and artificial intelligence.